Sunday, June 28, 2015

The Challenges of Same-Sex Marriage

This was one of the hardest sermons I can remember writing. The subject matter is obviously controversial, and there was a true need to "sweat the details", but the real challenge was that it's not easy to write sermons that are challenging. What is the right balance of encouragement and "in your face"? How do I challenge others publicly when I feel like I fail constantly? Is this what people need right now? And yet, you preach not because you want to but because the occasion demands it. 

With no further ado then, here is the audio and the full script of the sermon is below that. 

There’s a good chance that everybody can be ticked off by something in this homily. I’ve got strong words and challenges for everybody. Today I am an equal-opportunity offender.

As was referred to in the Bishop’s pulpit announcement, on Friday the Supreme Court declared that all 50 states must recognize same-sex marriage. Many people were overjoyed by this; many people were crushed to hear it. Some people threw it in others’ faces; some people raged back or got self-righteous.

Let’s start there. This challenge is for everybody. We all have feelings. We all have our reactions. A feeling deserves to be felt. Whether joyful or angry, ecstatic or frustrated, feelings deserve to be felt. But we also have choices, and they can be right or wrong. Some choices, some responses, are not acceptable. It’s not okay to mock, or to respond with hate-filled words. It’s not okay to insult or give slurs. We should feel authentically, but being Christian calls us to never cease loving or respecting. Like I said, this one is for all of us.

To those who were heart-broken by the Court’s decision, and I am among them, we need to look within ourselves and ask some hard questions, questions of our attitudes leading up to, and now, after this. How do we view and treat people with same-sex attraction? What do they think we think of them?

Why? Because the Catholic Church should be the most welcoming, loving, understanding place a person with same-sex attraction ever encounters. We ought to be the light in the darkness to those who are hurting. We are to be Jesus’ heart in this world.

I wonder how well we have done on that. Have we been who we ought to be?

For 23 years now—since 1992, when the Catechism of the Catholic Church was published—for 2+ decades, we’ve have had clear, black and white directions on what the Christian response to gays and lesbians is to be. Paragraph 2358 says, “[Men and women with deep-seated homosexual tendencies] must be accepted with respect, compassion, and sensitivity.” Have we always done this?

And if not—if our Church hasn’t been accepting with compassion and respect—can we be surprised if Catholics with these attractions look elsewhere to be accepted and loved? And if we haven’t included them, if we haven’t shown them a way to fulfill their Christian vocation within the Church, can we be surprised if they turn to a movement or a lobby or a mindset that says, “We want you. We want you to belong fully.”

We talk about the beauty of marriage and family, and we are told to use that beauty to help us to make the legal, cultural, spiritual case for the Church’s view, but if we preach about that beauty but don’t offer real love, real acceptance, and a real home to people with same-sex attractions, can we be surprised if they say, “Yes! And that beautiful thing you’ve been talking about: I want that for me too.”? We have to offer an alternative and we haven’t always done that well.

For those who were left confused and frustrated on Friday, that part was for you.

This next part is for everyone. Because the only path ahead for the Catholic is one of both radical love, respect, and sensitivity, and at the same time holding fast to the truth that marriage is a unique institution of a man and a woman in a lifelong union with the possibility of new life.

To most people, that double calling sounds impossible. To one half, claiming to love and accept while continuing to believe that marriage is between only man and woman is just patronizing lies and hypocrisy. To the other half the call to accept and respect seems like a dangerous watering down of the commitment to stand for true marriage. To all, holding both seems hard if not impossible. And yeah, Jesus does that sometimes. Remember the “Love the sinner, hate the sin” idea? Or telling us to correct others’ bad actions but not judge their motives? Yeah, he does that.

It’s hard. Some want to dig in and fight this to the last. Others want to just say, “It doesn’t affect me; do what you makes you happy.” And a third group, and maybe the largest, just wants to hide. They don’t know what to think or say. They are torn. And they just wish the moment would pass.

I read an article on the Internet yesterday and it talked about how many people talk big about how they’ll fight for their beliefs, how they’re willing to face persecution, how they’d risk losing a job for their faith. But the author made the good point that while they say that, many roll over the instant you imply that they are a bigot. None of us want to be called “haters”.

I get it. Trust me I get it. I went in to Walmart on Friday in my Roman collar to get a prescription, and I was convinced that everyone was looking at me and thinking, “A priest. Oh, I bet he’s mad. What a bigot. He probably hates all gays.”

But why do we Catholics still say that marriage is between a man and a woman? What’s our argument in the face of such ridicule?

Preface: we all stink at this debate. First, both sides are constantly mixing up three different things: same-sex attraction, same-sex actions, and finally same-sex marriage. We swirl them together and we often use imprecise language. For example, the Church clearly states that there is no sin in the attraction of people to their own gender; it’s about actions. Similarly, the question before the courts isn’t about actions. Since 2003, any law against actions has been abolished, and most hadn’t been enforced for decades. It’s about civil marriage. But people don’t make distinctions.

Here more mistakes are made. Conservatives tend to argue things like: “It was Adam and Eve, not Adam and Steve!” or “Marriage is made by God” and then sprinkle in quotes from Genesis, Leviticus, and Romans to show that gays are evil. On the other hand, Liberals tend to say things like: “You can’t legislate morality.” Both are doing this wrong.

Yes, God made marriage, but it’s hard to use that as your main pitch when talking to a secular democratic-republic with dozens of competing religious (and non-religious) ideas. On the other hand, we’re constantly legislating morality. When we outlaw murder, rape, plagiarism, skipping child-support, whatever, we are legislating morality. We do it constantly. The question is, what moral judgments should we use? Even arguments for gay marriage are moral reasonings. That moral argument goes something like this: “Humans possess personal love and freedom of will; if Bob and Sally can choose to enter a permanent bond of love, why can’t Bob and Bill?”

So here’s the case for civil marriage being only a man and a woman. And this then is the challenge to the people who were jubilant on Friday at the Court’s decision.

The key question isn't “Why not gay marriage?” but rather “Why is there civil marriage at all?” Why would states and nations care? States don't bother to regulate, legislate, or validate your friendships. You don't mention your siblings, boyfriend, or BFF on your 1040 form. But the state does track marriages and it does ask for your spouse on your tax form. Why? Because states want to protect, encourage, and reward entities that are good for the commonwealth. We give tax breaks to clean energy initiatives because we want more of that. We break up monopolies because business competition is good. We regulate and underwrite public schools to ensure an educated citizenry.

See, ancient humans figured out that a child is brought up best when her parents stayed together and if her siblings had the same parents too. Why best if they stayed together? Because humans are notoriously slow-developing and need years of cooperative rearing. Why is it best if siblings come from the same pair of parents when possible? Because a family is a better bonder of persons than a boarding house.

So they developed some rules to encourage and benefit these pairings, like recognizing the transfer of property, and they made other rules to protect this institution, like forbidding adultery and rape and giving legal recourse for injuries to one's family members. Successive generations added greater formality, but all to the same end. States granted privileges to this institution which they didn't grant to other relationships, like friendship, because it benefited states in a unique way as the institution that reared the nation’s children and provided stability through this basic building block of society.

That’s the case. Marriage is a contract that guards and benefits children and makes a stable, healthy society. A common response to this is that same-sex couples could adopt or be inseminated. But there are some flaws there. One, that union doesn’t naturally beget those kids, so historically there wasn’t the same reason to institutionalize and defend it. Two—no, that’s not an insult to adoptive parents in traditional families. Adoption is a beautiful way of making the best out of a bad situation. When parents die, or parents can’t raise a kid safely, or a single mother would otherwise abandon or abort a child, and adoption makes something beautiful out of it by inviting them into a steady family. What we have seen in the last couple decades is a shift, in both gay and straight couples, to seeing child as a commodity—“I have a right to be able to have a family”—and we see this “right” being fulfilled by insemination, in vitro fertilization, surrogacy, or adoption. This may be one of the scariest shifts in the modern world in terms of human rights: that we are now more focused on the wants of adults than on the needs of children. And notice, I said male-female couples, and singles, have sometimes taken this mindset too. Which brings me to a final challenge:

We have to admit the part we all have played in bringing about massive changes in the concept of marriage and family. I have described an institution developed over millennia that expected faithful, permanent unions that were open to children and reared them in a healthy way. Once we privileged it and enshrined it, and yet part of the reason people can very easily argue that marriage is just about love, (#LoveWins) is that we let that institution fall apart. America is not currently a country dedicated to preserving marriages or forming children within those families.

How is that? In the last fifty years, no-fault divorce and abortion have become enshrined rights. Contraception and sterilization are seen as standards features of the efficient, practical, modern family. This is our fault. Catholics started practicing sterilized love. Christians bought into the idea that marriage is just about feelings, feelings that come and go. Red-Staters accepted divorce as standard practice in modern families. The Supreme Court might be wrong about the ancient institution of marriage, but they might be dead-on about the thing in modern America we call “marriage”. Gay-activist Andrew Sullivan famously writes, “The heterosexuality of marriage is intrinsic only if [marriage] is understood to be intrinsically procreative; but that definition has long been abandoned in Western society.” And he’s got us dead-to-rights on that. I am amazed at the colossal number of Christians, Catholic and Protestant, who utterly reject same-sex marriage but defend to the last contraception and no-fault divorce.

Mary Eberstadt explained the connection perfectly in an article in 2008—she was talking about the Anglican Church, but it applies to all Christians in the last fifty years, “By giving benediction in 1930 to its married heterosexual members purposely seeking sterile sex, the Anglican Church lost, bit by bit, any authority to tell her other members—married or unmarried, homosexual or heterosexual—not to do the same. To put the point another way, once heterosexuals start claiming the right to act as homosexuals, it would not be long before homosexuals start claiming the rights of heterosexuals.” In other words, gay marriage.

So what now?

On Friday the President said this: “I know that Americans of good will continue to hold a wide range of views on this issue. Opposition, in some cases, has been based on sincere and deeply held beliefs. All of us who welcome today’s news should be mindful of that fact and recognize different viewpoints, revere our deep commitment to religious freedom.”

We’ve been told for years now: “This isn’t going to affect you. If you don’t want a gay marriage then don’t have one, but this isn’t yours to worry about.”

I hope this is true, but I have my worries. No, tanks are not going to roll up and cart off priests who won’t do same-sex weddings. Would that courage were so easy to come by! It’d be easy to stand up then.

Last weekend there was an article in The Weekly Standard called “You Will Be Assimilated”. I invite all supporters and opponents of gay marriage to read it. The first ¾ are about the bait-and-switch tactics used over the last twenty years of this campaign. But the last part explains that ultimately same-sex marriage and religious liberty will be incompatible. The Left is not going to make the mistake it made after Roe vs. Wade of letting a fallen opponent get up off the mat to fight on another 40 years like the pro-life cause has. Dissenters will be demonized and silenced, called bigots and haters.

You think not? On Friday the Harrisburg newspaper PennLive/The Patriot-News announced it “will no longer accept, nor will it print, op-eds and letters to the editor in opposition to same-sex marriage.” The popular website Buzzfeed also said Friday that “We firmly believe that for a number of issues, including civil rights, women’s rights, anti-racism, and LGBT equality there are not two sides” to the argument. [emphasis mine]

Justice Samuel Alito asked the solicitor general during the SCOTUS arguments if this will be an issue for tax-exempt status. After hemming and hawing solicitor Verrilli said, “I don’t deny that. I don’t deny that, Justice Alito, It is—it is going to be an issue.”

Most likely trouble will come in the form of lawsuits. Already the bakery “Sweet Cakes by Melissa” has been fined $135,000 by the state of Oregon. Maybe tiny parishes like St. Ann’s and Sacred Heart will escape that, but St. Francis hospital and GICC, St. Michael’s and St. Cecilia’s schools, dioceses and Catholic colleges will be targets. Anything involving Catholic counseling, hospitals, insurance through Catholic offices, and especially hiring and firing could be battlegrounds. If a same-sex couple wanted to teach CCD here, would that end in a lawsuit? And you don’t even have to win the case to crush someone with lawyer’s fees. This is real. So what are we going to do?

One, pray. It doesn’t feel like a lot, but if you’re not doing it, the rest is pretty useless.

Two, know why we teach what we do. It’s no longer ok to just hide and say, “Well, my church teaches this,” because now the Church is open to infinite criticism from the rest of the country. You’re going to have to know and explain it, because people will ask, “Why do you even stay in that church?”

Three, be heroic in your families. As I said: this is partly our fault. We need the best marriages, the strongest families. We need to show that, no, modern marriage is not destined for divorce. No, marriage is not meant to be closed off and selfish and not be open to new life.

Four, going back to my very first point, we have to love and accept same-sex attracted people. We have to show that we really mean it when we say, “You are loved and welcomed and accepted, and we’ll treat you with respect and sensitivity.” We have to show them that they have a place in Christ’s Church. Otherwise it just reinforces what people accuse us of or have been assuming. Honestly, part of this is going to be done by reaching out to all single people, gay or straight, to say, “You fit in here too.” When you feel like the only way to be involved is by being married or having kids that keeps on reinforcing the feeling that 1) “You don’t get to be a part of this,” and 2) the goal is to get “this”. This double impression may have partly driven what happened on Friday. So we have to challenge ourselves on that. We must learn true love; that’s our job as Christ’s Church.


  1. Hmmm my first comment got lost in cyberspace. I truly appreciate the time you took to make this a gentle, tender and very kind but Catholic-based piece. Most articulate and timely explanation on how we as Catholics have been 're-defining' marriage for years quite an eye-opener .. I have to work on kindness...knowing how kind Jesus was. Yes we have to open our arms and hearts to all who feel alienated in whatever way. Our priests at my church are definitely wide open to all. Grateful for that. I sent them and a few other priests friends this piece and I know they will love it too.. Many blessings..

  2. God bless you, Father Faulkner! Thank you! Let us pray! And work!

  3. Thank you, Father, for your honesty, your openness, and your commitment to the truth that is Catholic.

  4. Wow! so much wisdom in one homily! Thank you. I will be referencing this often.

  5. Are we to say homosexuals in a same-sex relationship belong in the Church? I thought we are accepted under Christ's terms, not our own. We've had many years of "all are welcome". That's how we ended up with the priest abuse scandal!

    1. Fr Faulkner, this is not a rhetorical or bitter question. I genuinely need an answer. I am confused about this whole thing.

    2. I think the answe has to be Yes. I think the Universal Church already does welcome all, but we individuals and parishes don't show that well. We don't make it concrete. Obviously, people of all orientations who are in a state that keeps them from receiving Communion should do just that, and if that state is in some way permanent or quite public (a SS marriage or a straight couple married after a divorce w/o annulment) then the priest should remind them of that. But Communion is only part of going to Mass, and Mass is only part of being Catholic. What makes a straight couple stop contracepting, seek convalidation of their Vegas wedding, or begin the annulment process? It's not sitting at home reading "50 Shades of Gray" (well, unless it's a via negativa conversion...). No, it's being involved, it's seeing the joy in those who have embraced the Theology of the Body wholly, it's hearing good sermons, and seeing the universal call to holiness lived out vibrantly. Same thing with people in a SSM. Far better to see the Sacrifice of the Mass, to hear "Ubi Caritas", to wrestle with a Trinity Sunday homily than to sit at home and listen angrily to Dan Savage podcasts.

    3. My worries is that many of us in the church do not have a strong relationship with God and tend to think and rely on our own perspectives. It is clear that gay marriage is wrong, when you on the fundamental thought supporting these attractions. Jesus said in the bible to the women who had 5 different husbands " your sins are forgiven, go and do not do it again" are today's priest ready to tell us what not to do and stop following the years of studies they had in seminaries. Studying for too many years is in my point of view a way for the devil to disperse our focus on Jesus and therefore we think that we have become our own God. The catholic church never said that gays are not welcome into the church but what i see through these debates is that they(same-sex practitioners) are trying to change the teachings of the church, in fact they trying to demonstrate that bible-accordingly they beliefs are proven and right through God. Yes we love them, yes we welcome them but how do we teach them how to change? we just do not have the courage to stand firm on our believes and what God says.Your teaching is so complicated to understand on many views and paragraphs. Father let the poor understand your teachings. I guess they are not only made for people who attended universities and high colleges.

    4. A beautiful documentary on The Catholic Church and homosexuality called The Third Way is a great teaching for all of us. I was so moved by it!! N

    5. Beautiful Father!!

  6. Unfortunately, no mention is made of Satan and the plan he has of garnering as many souls as possible. Just a quick reread of "The Screwtape letters" should remind folks that evil is insidious and present everywhere and a person must be on guard so as not to be taken in. Yes, pray, pray, pray. And keep your eyes on Jesus.
    I would add that the fight for souls(which is really what is at stake here) should be taken on the offense. Start with proclaiming the love of God and then promote the counseling so needed by many to help them past their same-sex attraction.
    Forget the tax-exempt status of the church. Why has that become so dominant in the salvation of souls? Who can buy their way to God's eternal happiness? We place so much emphasis on tax deductible contributions and need so much money to maintain parishes and archdiocesan programs and buildings that we no longer place the eternal reward or punishment of th soul as the reason we have existence. Stop looking for money and start searching for souls.

    1. The day may soon come when we have to minister without tax exempt status, and we'll do it. And Cardinal Ratzinger's predictions (both bad and good) will come true. But for now, that TE status saves us millions and allows us to do many other good things. If a large Catholic high school (take Pius X in my diocese which has 1,100 kids) had to pay property tax on its massive physical plant, tuition would go through the roof. Worse for hospitals.
      Yes, we may lose those. Yes, they are ultimately non-essentials. But they do corporal and spiritual works of mercy and we ought not surrender those without a fight. Think of Thomas More in AMFAS and his defense of law and his desire to do everything possible to not have to put himself against the king

  7. Thank you for this well reasoned and humble response. It isn't a timid response, and it isn't a response that I completely agree with (who might expect that all of us who are called by His name would always agree on *everything*?)
    Nevertheless, your words cut to the quick such that I am forwarding this to friends in RC, Anglican and unaffiliated Protestant sects, as well as to thoughtful non-believers who might, for an instant, understand that Christians aren't all irrational or unreflective. Well done.

  8. Great article Father. I do also agree and believe the Tax Exempt status situation is key and is the next big fight. This is the perfect weapon for the Aggressive secularists / anti religious groups who want to reduce the Catholic foot print and impact on society and push us out and marginalize us. In all seriousness, I think the Catholic Church needs to now actively and very significantly, increase our legal support resources. As we all need to pray hard that our Government and Supreme Court develops some courageous leaders who will be willing to defend our religious freedom and liberty so we don't get pushed out.

  9. "I am amazed at the colossal number of Christians, Catholic and Protestant, who utterly reject same-sex marriage but defend to the last contraception and no-fault divorce." Right on Father! You might consider adding a corollary to your third recommendation, to be not only heroic but also honest. Shall we point out thorns in other's eyes when we have logs in our own? The dangers and consequences of the contraceptive mentality were correctly predicted by Pope Paul VI (over 40 years ago) and by John Paul II. The church did develop a response, we now have to tools Theology of the Body and Natural Family Planning. It is important that we not let the forces of evil divide us again while the church develops a charitable and inclusive response, and stands firm in the truth of the sanctity of marriage. In the words of John Paul II in Humanae Vitae #30, "to devote yourselves with all zeal and without delay to safeguarding the holiness of marriage, in order to guide married life to its full human and Christian perfection."

  10. What does a Catholic say to a gay person who thinks that God does not make mistakes when a human person is created? A gay person who feels their sexual attraction is how God created them will defend their nature as not being disordered. What words are said to a person who feels there is nothing "sinful" in the manner that their human sexuality has developed? If God created me in such a way that my human sexuality developed in an acceptable nature resulting in me to have the freedom to seek out a loving relationship, how do I explain to a person who wants the same, but their attraction is not acceptable, therefore they cannot enter into a loving relationship?